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The National Youth Secretariat (SNJ)

8 de Outubro de 2017, 22:02 , por Joenio Costa - 0sem comentários ainda | Ninguém está seguindo este artigo ainda.
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The National Youth Secretariat (SNJ), as part of the Federal Government's commitment to the brazilian young population demands, was created in 2005 with the purpose of creating researches, diagnoses and implementing public policies directed to the brazilian youth, as well as elaborating, consolidating and implementing National Youth Policies. Linked to the Government Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic, it also has the role of promoting programs of international organizations, public and private, focused on the youth segment.

SNJ's articulation with other ministries and dialogue with civil society, especially with the National Youth Council (Conjuve), have contributed to the progress made in the last decade: the increase in the number of young people in higher education, the withdrawal of millions of them from poverty and misery conditions, the creation of mechanisms for social participation, such as the National Youth Councils and Conferences, and the guarantee of specific rights with the approval of the Youth Statute in 2013.

 

BRAZIL, HOME OF THE YOUTH

According to the Brazilian Youth Statute, a person between 15 and 29 years of age is considered young. In Brazil, today, there are more than 51 million young people, according to a demographic census conducted in 2010, which corresponds to ¼ of the total population.

Still, according to demographic research, Brazil is experiencing a moment favorable to the nation’s market development, due to the youth’s role in the economy. This is because we are starring a phenomenon called "demographic bonus", when the active population able to work (mostly composed of young people) proportionately larger than the rest. The research indicates that Brazil will live the peak of this phenomenon in 2020. For this reason, there is a concern of the Federal Government to provide quality of life and guarantee the basic rights of young people.

 

BRAZILIAN YOUTH’S PROFILE

The Brazilian youth is very diverse, in terms of ethnicity, culture, social class, etc., and, still, crossed by inequalities. In 2013, the National Secretariat of Youth conducted a research to outline the profile of brazilian youth and understand the main demands of this age group. More than 3 thousand young people were heard in the 27 federative units of the country. In addition, the study also had the objective of identifying the trends of behavior and opinion among young people.

Based on the information obtained and on other older demands, the Federal Government prioritized planning and implementing policies capable of fully guaranteeing the rights of young people and their effective participation in the national development project. Since 2005, Brazil, through SNJ, has been developing a series of measures for the youth population. Among them, the National Youth Plan, that meets goals to be achieved, in various thematic axes as emancipation and youth welfare, development of citizenship and equal opportunities. The Plan serves as a theoretical support for the National Policies of Youth. As part of these policies, the Youth Statute establishes 11 basic rights for young Brazilians:

 

  1. Right to Diversity and Equality
  2. Right to Sport and Leisure
  3. Right to Communication and Freedom of Expression
  4. Right to Culture
  5. Right to Territory and Mobility
  6. Right to Public Security and Access to Justice
  7. Right to Citizenship, Social and Political Participation and the Youth Representation
  8. Right to Professionalization, Work and Income
  9. Right to health
  10. Right to education
  11. Right to Sustainability and the Environment



GET TO KNOW SNJ'S MAIN INICIATIVES

 

Nacional Startup’s Development Plan for the Youth

The StartUps National Plan was designed based on the growing trend of the young person's interest in having their own business with differentiated and innovative models of operation. The Plan, still under development, will be a support mechanism for young entrepreneurship through measures that democratize the access to business and market knowledge, as well as facilitates incentives and investments in partnership with the private sector.

 

Jouth ID

The Youth ID is a document that gives access to various benefits provided for in the Youth Statute for low-income young citizens. Among them are the 50% discount on cultural attractions and the gratuity or discount on interstate travels. More than 16 million young people are able to issue the document and receive the benefits.

 

Youth Station

The demand for spaces for young people - youth centers, parks and squares, reference centers and cultural spaces - is a constant concern and a need manifested by young people. Thinking about it, SNJ created, in 2012, the Youth Station. The program seeks to equip free public spaces (fixed or mobile) with instruments and administrators capable of providing information, guidance and activities to young people. The objective is to allow access to services and actions that contribute to inclusion, autonomy and social participation.

 

Youth Station 2.0 – Edital

The National Youth Secretariat has issued a call for the Youth Station 2.0 program, which aims to facilitate and execute all source of arrangements with states and municipalities. With this flexibility, the federal government, through the National Youth Secretariat (SNJ), allows the program to meet the needs of young people in each region. More than 11 million reais will be invested in the program and each agreement could reach 300 thousand reais. The deadline for submission of proposals began on August 4 and will end on September 2, 2017.

Among the requirements to be benefited by the Youth Station program is the presentation of proposals to combat violence against the black youth, since it’s the group most vulnerable to violence. To be included in the program, states and municipalities must have Youth organs in their administrative structures or State or municipal Youth Councils.

 

Youth Library

The Youth Library has existed since 2016 and was conceived from the Participatory program, bringing together in a single place the productions of the National Secretariat, the National Youth Council (Conjuve) and scientific products, through partnership with researchers and universities, all focused on the young population. In 2017, SNJ and the Brazilian Institute of Information for Science and Technology (Ibict), made digital all the physical assets of the Library, expanding the access to the knowledge with free software DSpace. Now, people from anywhere in the world can find the most diverse information on Brazilian youth issues. www.bibliotecajuventude.ibict.br

 

Participatory

Developed in free software, the Participatory is a political social network, where it is possible to discuss topics with other young people, researchers, institutions, research groups, managers and social movements, from Brazil and abroad. In addition, it aggregates database functions, also serving as an observatory for youth to foster the development of public policies.

 

Safe Youth

The Safe Youth platform is a virtual space that places young people as protagonists in the discussion of public policies in the fight against violence that affects the youth more than affects other demographic groups. With the Federal Government, public agents, private initiative and social organizations, we believe it is possible to construct a debate on actions to protect youth and in the elaboration of policies to combat violence.

 

New Youth Alive Plan

After four years inactive, the Living Youth Plan was reactivated on August 11, 2017, the day on which Student Day is celebrated. Renamed as New Living Youth Plan, its objective is to implement policies that prevents and combats violence against young people, especially black, poor and from the peripheries of Brazil. The Plan aims to create opportunities for social inclusion and autonomy for young people, to offer public services and spaces of coexistence in communities with high homicide rates.

 

National Youth Plan

Currently, the Law Project that deals with the National Youth Plan awaits the appreciation of parliamentarians in the House Plenary. And, in order to present modifications that meet the current reality of Brazilian youth and the guidelines of the Youth Statute, the National Youth Secretariat (SNJ) has presented the call for the appointment of a consultant to prepare a new National Youth Plan.

 

Youth International Policies

Brazil is considered a reference in youth policies in Latin America. And male and female brazilians from 15 to 29 years age want to discuss politics based on articulations with other countries. For this reason, since 2011, SNJ has initiated an international agenda, joining the Ibero-American Youth Organization (OIJ), the Special Meeting of Youth in Mercosur, the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP), and important partnerships with international youth representations.

 

Conjuve

Created along with the SNJ, in 2005, the National Youth Council has the role of monitoring, accompanying and indicating paths that the SNJ must take in the elaboration of public policies aimed at youth, as well as consolidate a democratic dialogue in the elaboration of these measures. Composed of representatives of the public power and members of civil society, among them leaders of social movements and youth researchers, the Conjuve is plural, diversified and democratic, since it is structured through elections that seek to contemplate all the units of the federation.

 

International Committee for Youth Policies (Coijuv)

The Interministerial Committee on Youth Policy (Coijuv) was created in April 2017, by means of Decree No. 9,025, so that the various institutions that make up the Federal Government could create and articulate policies geared towards the young population. Coordinated by the National Youth Secretariat, the Committee is currently composed by 13 ministries.

 

National Youth Sistem (Sinajuve)

Sinajuve aims to establish an articulation between the Union, states and municipalities around the public policies of youth. The main tasks of the System are: to elaborate the National Plan of Policies of Youth; convene and hold, together with the National Youth Council, the National Youth Conferences; to establish forms of collaboration of the Union with the States, the Federal District and the Municipalities for the execution of the public policies of youth.

 

National Forum of Municipal Youth Managers (Forjuve)

Forjuve is a forum with representatives from each of the 27 states of the federation and whose objective is to discuss youth policies in their states through the exchange of successful experiences, development and improvement of existing policies and creation and implementation of new forms of management.


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